Bedford was founded in 1930 to manufacture automobiles. And over time, the company has grown into a leading global manufacturer of trucks with large export volumes across the globe.
The first two models at Bedford are the AC and LQ cars, built under the Chevrolet Bedford brand. The model was a light van weighing 12 centners, and the LQ performed a wide variety of roles: used as a bus, ambulance, van and truck at the same time. These models were produced from 1929 to 1931.
Later, the company produced a 2-ton truck. It had a Chevrolet Stove Bolt 6 six-cylinder engine with overhead valves. It was this gasoline engine that became the basis of all Bedford engines until the closure of the production of trucks and buses.
In November 1933, a 3-ton WT truck was released. On a short wheelbase (9 feet and 3 inches), and also on a wide base (13 feet and 1 inch). Subsequently, this van was equipped with an engine and gearbox from Vauxhall Motors.
Also, the machines of this company participated in the World War.
The development of a military truck in the design department of Bedford Vehicles began in 1935 by order of the relevant ministry. The first experimental model of the machine, called MW, appeared in 1939, and by the end of the war almost 66 thousand such trucks were produced. The MW model served for the most diverse purposes of the English army. The truck was a fire engine, an infantry carrier, an armored personnel carrier, a fuel truck.
In the same year, the trucks were quickly converted for military use.
After the defeat in France, Great Britain had only about 100 tanks, so Bedford Vehicles was entrusted with part of the production of Churchill tanks. In total, Vauxhall Motors produced 5,640 of these tanks and 2,000 spare engines for them. In addition to technology, Bedford Vehicles during the war produced helmets, shells and elements of jet engines.
The 1950s also brought to the market a popular S-type truck, popularly called the "Big Bedford". This machine has been regularly used in emergency situations at industrial sites. The truck was equipped with a gasoline or diesel engine equipped with a 5-liter gasoline engine.
In the 1970s and 1980s, Bedford Vehicles produced four-cylinder and six-cylinder trucks, successfully competing with other leading firms for the sales market. Bedford KM used the same cabin as the TK, but had a restyled front end and was more reliable, which ensured a good level of sales. This truck was found in many developing countries due to its engineering simplicity and high cross-country ability in difficult conditions.
Cars entered the market throughout the 1980s.
The main blow to the company was inflicted when Bedford Vehicles could not win the tender of the Ministry of Defense of Great Britain for the production of a new truck for the army. The second blow was a sharp reduction in the foreign market due to the influx of simpler and cheaper equipment.
In 1988, General Motors became GMM Luton, and never again produced Bedford.
Bedford-GMC TL Techliner 1985
Bedford TM 3250 Tractor 1974