Freightliner, an American truck and tractor company, was founded in 1929 by a young driver named James Leland. Initially, he planned to create a small-scale truck with a cab located above the power unit, for the needs of the company in which he had previously worked.
However, the first model was widely used in the market of the United States of America, seriously competing with the established giants of the truck segment. Since 1930, Freightliner engineers began to develop new types of suspension for future models of the company. In 1932-1935, trailers and the first refrigerators were released, which were aimed at preserving the cold inside the body for as long as possible.
In 1939, the company switched to the assembly of trucks under the American Bantam license for the US Army, returning to the production of tractors only in 1948. However, the following years were marked by the struggle for the existence of Freightliner in the tractor market. All new models brought only one loss, but thanks to the success of refrigerators in the markets of the whole world, the company was able to maintain a balance and make a small profit. However, by 1980 the situation had become so disastrous that the company’s management had already begun bankruptcy proceedings, however, in 1981 the Daimler concern completely redeemed the brand, which had previously suffered several setbacks in the American tractor market. Freightliner engineers received proper funding, as well as access to all the necessary Daimler resources. From 1982 to 1993, 16 Freightliner models of all classes and modifications of trucks were presented, and the company was able to take a leading position in sales of trucks in the United States and Canada. By 2009, the entire line of tractors and trucks of the company was completely updated, which led to an increase in market share to 81%.
This is the largest family in the Freightliner range. It includes trucks of seven series belonging to 5-8 classes according to the classification adopted in the USA. The total mass of cars ranges from 8.2 to 23.6 tons. In the cars FL50, FL60, FL70 and FL80, the chassis elements are unified, and the steel cabs with double-sided anti-corrosion coating are galvanized. Entrance and exit are convenient, as there is no need to overcome a multi-stage staircase. The interior of the cab and the ergonomics of the driver's seat meet all modern requirements. The dimensions of the cabin, at the request of the customer, can be increased. This family also includes truck-mounted trucks of the Cargo series. Tanks, tipper, isothermal, bus, utility bodies, fire fighting equipment, medical equipment, various special handling and other mechanisms are mounted on the Business Class chassis.
Fire trucks on Freightliner chassis
Freightliner Corporation began to produce chassis specifically for fire engines only in the mid-eighties. The bodies with all fire fighting equipment were installed by independent manufacturers - such as, for example, Boardman. However, with the purchase of the famous "fire" company American La France, everything has changed. At the disposal of the leader of the trucking industry in America was the oldest manufacturer of fire fighting equipment in the United States, whose history began back in 1832. Now fire trucks are produced on almost all Freightliner chassis, from the FL50 to the FLD120. They are equipped with standard and special twin cabs. In addition, American La France builds on the Business Class chassis cabless Eogle fires with original design cabs. Behind the cab, as a rule, a pump unit with external control is installed. Behind it - a water tank, tanks with a foaming agent, compartments with sleeves and other fire-fighting accessories.
Army cars Freightliner
Hundreds of millions of dollars the company brings the sale of its equipment to the military department. Three-axle trucks with wheel formulas 6? 4 and 6? 6 are supplied to the army. All army vehicles are equipped with aluminum cabins with a design that is changed compared to civilian versions. Their lighting equipment is somewhat omitted, and a powerful “kenguryatnik” is mounted in front of the radiator grill of the changed configuration. The advertising logo of the Freightliner army branch is a combined image of civilian and military models, looking at which it becomes clear why it is signed by The Beaty & The Beast (“Beauty and the Beast” - the name of the popular Disney cartoon). Such advertisements often appear in specialized magazines on military equipment - such as, for example, the Swiss Armada. Detroit Diesel engines with power up to 400 hp are installed on military vehicles. Other specifications may vary in accordance with the wishes and recommendations of the customer. Some professions of Freightliner “in military uniform” are a tactical truck, a dump truck, a tractor for armored vehicles, a tow truck, and a car with reloading equipment.