The Mack Brothers Company was founded in February 1901 by the brothers John,
Augustus, and William Mack, the descendants of the French Huguenot family who fled to Germany and emigrated in the mid-19th century. America The MACK brothers in the New York
suburb of Brooklyn began collecting horse-drawn carts. Subsequently, they were joined by brothers Joseph (Charles) and Charles (Charles). In 1901, the five Mack brothers founded
the Mack Brothers company, the Mack Brothers Company, and began assembling small buses.
The case turned out to be very profitable, and to expand production in 1905, the company was transferred to Allentown, PA. There, August Mack developed and began to produce simple bonnet trucks with 1.5-2 tons of cargo, which was soon followed by a 5-ton model, which had a gearbox with gears of constant gearing. In 1905, August Mack invented the original spring starter for starting engines. By 1910, the truck range included the light 32-horsepower series “Junior” with a lifting capacity of 1-2 tons and the heavy “Senior” with a payload of up to 7.5 tons.
Externally, the cars differed respectively in left-hand and right-hand steering. The second group also included 4-ton trucks with a driver's seat above the engine and a characteristic “blunt” shape of the front end, for which they received the nickname “Bulldog”. This was emphasized by the new trademark, which has been preserved so far, in the form of a bulldog figure. In 1911, when the firm had 700 employees, the chassis and engine plant in Plainfield was acquired.
At the same time, the Mac brothers decided to create a small holding company, the International Motor Company (International Motor Company), abbreviated IMC (IMC), which included the US subsidiary of the Swiss company Zaurer (Saurer) and the small company Hewitt, known with their trucks and talented designers. The affairs of the IMC went well, and all three firms independently continued their own production. However, the brothers remained unsatisfied and gradually left their native company. The first in 1912, she left Jack Mack, who founded the company Makkar (Massag) in the neighborhood. Then Augustus and Joseph left.
Since 1937 a light series “2M” was produced, similar to the “Reo Speed Delivery” model and offered in several versions with a loading capacity of 500-750 kilograms. This agreement expired in 1938. Introduced in 1933, its own bonnet-free series “C” marked the refusal of the company “Mac” from obsolete hood structures. More precisely, the new cars had a semi-hood layout with a partially protruding engine compartment. The main models were “CH” and “CJ” with a lifting capacity of 5.5-7 tons with motors with 108 and 117 horsepower, respectively. Since 1936, their new engines began to fit completely under the cab, and for repair they were pushed forward along special guides.
Since 1962, the F series was the most successful with EcoNodyne diesels with a capacity of 180-375 horses, a ten-speed gearbox, a new spacious cab with a sleeping unit of 1780 mm in length. They were produced until 1982. In 1965, the development of the B ”has become a multifunctional gamut“ R ”with more strict forms and hinged glass-plastic hood and wings. The base became two and three axle chassis and tractors “RD”, “RL”, “RM” and “RS” in the variants “400”, “600” and “700” (140-255 horsepower si) with units of different companies. In 1966, the so-called “Maxidyne” constant-power diesel engine was developed for them, developing 206-237 horsepower in the range of 1200-2100 rpm.
Since 1966, production of this range began at a new plant in Hayward, California. With such cars, Maсk branches in Australia and New Zealand began their operations. At the end of the sixties, variants of the “R” series became the “DM” chassis for dump trucks and concrete mixers, which were offered in the basic versions “600” and “686” (6 4) with units of different companies. They were assembled at a plant in Mackengi, Pennsylvania. By the 60-70s. also includes the production of two “M” axle dump trucks uncharacteristic for Mack with a payload capacity of 15-65 tons with different diesels with a capacity of up to 600 horses, as well as a short hobby for thirty-five tonne Mack-Pack 4x4 construction dump trucks with rear power unit with a capacity of 450-475 horsepower, articulated frame and bottom unloading.
In 1990, Mack turned into an American branch of Renault and was able to expand the production of streamlined trucks and main tractors SN and CL models developed from 1988, from 602 to 713 (4 2/6 4) with engines with a capacity of 278-507 horses, spacious and comfortable domestic salons, among which the “Millennium” variant with a height of 2240 millimeters stood out. The total mass of vehicles of the “CH CL” series was 15.8-38.6 tons, as part of a road train up to 127 tons. Since 1996, the second-generation programmable integrated electronic diagnostic and control system V-MAC appeared on the models, and since 1998, the V-MAC III (third).
In 1998, all North American Mack factories produced 28,340 vehicles. In 2010, one hundred and ten years will have passed since the founding of Mack Trucks by the Mac brothers. The American truck company has been successfully developing for 80 years, but by the nineties of the last century it was on the brink of ruin, and in 1990 60 percent of the shares of Mack were sold to the French company Renault Vehicle Industries (RVI). The French managed to regain the popularity of the famous brand, and very soon the company began to make a profit.
As you know, “Mack Trucks” not only collects trucks at its plants, but also produces all the necessary components and assemblies. At one time, this could even be judged by the color of the bulldog on the hood of the truck: gold all components of the car are factory, silver other people's units are present. Engines began to be equipped with Mask engines and Renault tractors. In 2000, a partnership and mutually beneficial cooperation agreement was concluded between Volvo and Renault, according to which Volvo transferred 90% of the shares of Renault's cargo division Renault V.I. Mack. (Renault received a 10% stake in Volvo under this agreement.)
The change in the company's shareholders brought a number of significant changes to the Mack product line: the production of old models FCM, MS, RD, CS was discontinued and the assembly of new, promising Granite, Le-Vision, and CH models was launched. The modern model range of Mack products includes 8 families of 7-8 classes, which can be divided into three main groups: SUVs, truck tractors and cargo chassis for construction, municipal and agricultural machinery.